Reflections on the Occasion of the 80th Anniversary of the Kristallnacht

Posted on November 13, 2018

S Franklin Spira, with his mother, in an undated photo

Today is the 80th anniversary of the Novemberpogrome, or Kristallnacht. I was a 14 year-old boy then and my parents and I never thought of emigrating until the Kristallnacht, even though Jews were gradually being deprived of their rights before then. At that point, it became clear that my parents and I could no longer remain in our homeland.

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